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اكتشاف معدن جديد يحدث ثورة في مستقبل الصناعة Nataliyamalikite: Scientists discover a new mineral

Amateur search group claims grave of Russia's 'man in iron mask' found


In the harshest of environments in far-east Russia, Monash scientists have played a leading role in the discovery of a new mineral, which could revolutionise the future of the mining industry.


The mineral - Nataliyamalikite - is new, and did not exist before, explains Professor Joël Brugger, the lead author in a recently published paper in American Mineralogist.
It contains thallium, a rare heavy metal most famous for its qualities as a poison.
"The discovery of this new mineral means we will be able to better understand how metals are extracted from deep-seated sources within our planet, and concentrated at shallow levels to form economic ore deposits," Professor Brugger said.
"This will give us a unique insight into the processes responsible for the geochemical evolution of our planet.
"And this understanding is required to sustain mining - a key to Australia's ongoing economic prosperity," Professor Brugger said.
A significant part of the recently published paper is about the formal description and naming of the new mineral (a process overseen by the International Mineralogical Association).
"Our Russian colleague was the first to see the mineral under the electron microscope," Professor Brugger said.
"However, Monash was key to making the naming of the new mineral possible: we combined state-of-the-art sample preparation at our Monash Centre for Electronic Microscopy facility, along with the unique capabilities of the Australian Synchrotron, to obtain the crystal structure of the mineral.
"Understanding the  is akin to getting the full genome of the new mineral," Professor Brugger said.
"And in the case of Nataliyamalikite this was incredibly difficult as the grains are tiny and almost invisible."
The new  was discovered in the Kamchatka Peninsula - one of the most active volcanic zones in the world, featuring 160 volcanoes including 29 that are active.
According to Professor Brugger, who spent six weeks in the region, it is also one of the few remaining wild oases on this planet, a result of politics (off-limit for a long time due to its military significance for the Soviets) as well as geographical isolation (no road connection to mainland Russia) and harsh climate.
Around 150 new minerals are discovered around the world every year, and the recently published article by Professor Brugger marks the official birth of one of them. Read Professor Brugger's article here.


Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-07-nataliyamalikite-scientists-mineral.html

توقع الباحثون أن يحدث هذا الاكتشاف ثورة في مستقبل صناعة التعدين، حيث قال جويل بروجر، الباحث المشارك في الاكتشاف "إن المعدن الجديد يحتوي على مادة الثاليوم، ومعادن ثقيلة نادرة معروفة بخصائصها السامة".
وأضاف البروفيسور بروجر أن "اكتشاف هذا المعدن الجديد سيساعد الباحثين في فهم أفضل لكيفية استخراج المعادن من باطن كوكبنا".
وأوضح أن هذا الاكتشاف "سيعطينا نظرة فريدة من نوعها في العمليات المسؤولة عن التطور الجيوكيميائي لكوكب الأرض، بالإضافة إلى الدور الذي سيلعبه في الحفاظ على التعدين مستقبلًا".
أطلق الباحثون على المعدن الجديد اسم "Nataliyamalikite"، بإشراف من الرابطة الدولية للمعادن، بحسبمجلة "أمريكان مينيرولوجيست" لعلوم الأرض والكواكب.
المصدر العربي والصورة sputniknews